Morpholine 10% Solution
Coating Auxiliary Agents, Plastic Auxiliary Agents, Rubber Auxiliary Agents, Surfactants, Textile Auxiliary Agents, Water Treatment Chemicals
Purity ::: 99%-99.5%
Its pH adjusting qualities then become distributed throughout the steam plant to provide corrosionprotection. Morpholine is often used in conjunction with low concentrations of hydrazine or ammonia to provide a comprehensive all-volatile treatment chemistry for corrosion protection for the steam systems of such plants. Morpholine decomposes reasonably slowly in the absence of oxygen at the high temperatures and pressures in these steam systems.
Also widely used as a fruit coating :::
Morpholine is used as a chemical emulsifier in the process of waxing fruit. Naturally, fruits make waxes to protect against insects and fungal contamination, but this can be lost as the fruit is cleaned. A small amount of new wax is applied to replace it. Morpholine is used as an emulsifier and solubility aid for shellac, which is used as a wax for fruit coating.
Morpholine derivatives used as agricultural fungicides in cereals are known as ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors.
Maintenance of proper pH throughout the boiler feedwater, boiler, and condensate systems is essential for corrosion control. Most low-pressure boiler system operators monitor boiler water alkalinity because it correlates very closely with pH, while most feedwater, condensate, and high-pressure boiler water requires direct monitoring of pH. Control of pH is important for the following reasons:
- corrosion rates of metals used in boiler systems are sensitive to variations in pH
- low pH or insufficient alkalinity can result in corrosive acidic attack
- high pH or excess alkalinity can result in caustic gouging/cracking and foaming, with resultant carryover
- speed of oxygen scavenging reactions is highly dependent on pH levels
The pH or alkalinity level maintained in a boiler system depends on many factors, such as sys-tem pressure, system metals, feedwater quality, and type of chemical treatment applied.
The corrosion rate of carbon steel at feedwater temperatures approaches a minimum value in the pH range of 9.2-9.6 . It is important to monitor the feedwater system for corrosion by means of iron and copper testing. For systems with sodium zeolite or hot lime softened makeup, pH adjustment may not be necessary. In systems that use deionized water makeup, small amounts of caustic soda or neutralizing amines, such as morpholine and cyclohexylamine, can be used.
In the boiler, either high or low pH increases the corrosion rates of mild steelThe pH or alkalinity that is maintained depends on the pressure, makeup water characteristics, chemical treatment, and other factors specific to the system.
The best pH for protection of copper alloys is somewhat lower than the optimum level for carbon steel. For systems that contain both metals, the condensate and feedwater pH is often maintained between 8.8 and 9.2 for corrosion protection of both metals. The optimum pH varies from system to system and depends on many factors, including the alloy used
To elevate pH, neutralizing amines should be used instead of ammonia, which (especially in the presence of oxygen) accelerates copper alloy corrosion rates. Also, amines form protective films on copper oxide surfaces that inhibit corrosion.
|PRODUCT NAME||:||MORPHOLINE 10%|
|Solubility in water||:||COMPLETE|
|Density||:||1.002 at 20 OC|
|Boiling point||:||128 OC|
|Melting point||:||-5 OC|
|Viscosity||:||2.23 cp at 20 OC|
|Vapour pressure||:||11 mbar at 20 OC|
|TLV Country NL Year 1995||:||20 S ppm 70 S mg/m3|
|Pollution category 1994||:||